As you know 71 percentage of our Earth surface is covered by water. From space the living planet looks blue in color because the water bodies reflects blue in light spectrum. The blue marble, photograph from NASA’s Apollo 17 spacecraft shows us the magnificent view of Earth from space. At same time our world also blessed with beautiful rivers, lakes, spectacular waterfalls, stunning glaciers and icecaps. Fortunately these stunning watery wonders can experience by every one of us.
10 Suez Canal, Egypt
It is a 101 miles long, 984 feet wide artificial water line that connect Mediterranean sea with Red sea. Suez canal considered as the shortest link between Europe and Asia. It makes water transportation and trade much easier by cutting down navigation around Africa. Nowadays it became the busiest manmade waterline in the world, also counts less number of accidents in comparing with other water ways.
It took 10 years for the construction of Suez canal starting from the year 1859. The ships from all nations can be pass through Suez canal. The advanced radar system managed by Suez canal authority will monitor the ships on every spot. So that immediate actions can be take upon emergency cases.
9 Bora Bora, France
Bora Bora is one of the most beautiful Island and international tourist destination in the world. This group of Islands is part of France and located in Pacific ocean. Bora Bora is widely popular for it’s white sand beaches, blue lagoons and glamorous resorts. Nowadays tourism itself solely driven the economy of the Island. The lavish glass floored villas of Bora Bora brings closer view of lagoon life to the visitors. Snorkeling and scuba diving in crystal clear water becomes another popular tourist activities in Bora Bora.
8 Lake Baikal, Siberia
Lake baikal is the oldest and deepest lake in the world. It is located in Southeastern Siberia. The lake have a depth of 1700 m and it formed 25 million years ago. The 20 percentage of total fresh water in the world also contain within lake baikal. The lake is also surrounded by scenic areas that are protected by the government. It is also listed within UNESCO’s world heritage sites.
There are 1200 monuments in total situated within baikal region, have many cultural, archaeological and historical values. It is also home for 1340 species of animals. Many of them endemic to lake baikal region. The surrounding mountains, boreal forest and islands also makes lake baikal region to one of most biodiverse site in the world.
7 Great Blue Hole, Belize
It is a large natural underwater sinkhole located 70 kilometers from main land and at center of Belize barrier reef. This sinkhole have a depth of 120 meter and it is 300 meter across. It formed in ice age, 150000 years ago by the opening of a dry cave. The melting of ice and rising of seas level causes the formation of great blue hole.
The great blue hole became a world heritage site in the year 1997. It is also home for 500 rare form of animals and plant life. Every year this natural sink hole attracts more than 2 lacks of international tourists. scuba diving becomes main activity in great blue hole.
6 Canals Of Venice
Venice is a group of 117 small islands separated by canals and lined through bridges. In other words the 117 canals of Venice divided the city into 117 different Islands. Interestingly these canals served as main transportation network in Venice. Grand canal, the main waterway of the city is the largest canal of Venice, have a length of 3.8 km and width of 60 – 90 meter.
Grand canal boat tour becomes the best way to explore Venice, to get deep knowledge about historical importance of the city. Gondolas, traditional flat bottomed boats and motorized boats are mainly used for grand canal tour. Such tours bring close view of historical buildings, palaces, churches and centuries old rialto bridge of Venice.
5 Dead Sea, Jordan
Dead sea is the second saltiest bodies of water in the world, located between borderline of Israel and Jordan. The salinity of death sea averages between 34.2 -35 percentage. It is almost ten times greater than that of normal salinity of sea water. This higher percentage of salinity makes lack of aquatic life, that’s why this lake called as ‘The dead sea’. It is also situated 423 meters below sea level, makes lowest elevation on land.
This high concentration of salt also let the visitors to float in dead sea. The water of dead sea also benefits human health as it contains high volume of minerals like potassium, calcium, sulphur and bromine. This water can heal different skin conditions and will flush out toxins. The unusual concentration of minerals also cause discharging of asphalt in dead sea. It is said to be huge amount of asphalt imported from dead sea to Egypt for during mummification processes.
4 Nile River
Nile is the longest river in the world, have an approximate length of 6650 kilometers. It is originated from Burundi country and flows through Kenya, Eritrea, Congo, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia, then meet with Mediterranean sea. Nile plays an importance role in life of ancient Egyptians. The river became the primary source of food, water and transportation. At same time the flooding in Nile river as result of heavy summer rain from Ethiopia became only source that makes Egyptian lands wet. It helped ancient Egyptian to easily cultivate plant seeds.
The historical sites of Egypt including pyramids also located near the bank of Nile. The delta formed by Nile also located where it drain with Mediterranean sea, covers an area of 160 kilometers and 40 millions of Egyptians lives in that region.
3 Niagara Falls, United States
Niagara falls located in international border between Canada and United States. Niagara combines three waterfalls, American falls, Bridal Veil falls and Horseshoe falls. These three waterfalls together makes average water flow of 85000 ft/s. It is the highest water flow rate than any other waterfalls in the world. Horseshoe falls is the largest one among three water falls of Niagara and most part of it situated in the side of Canada. American falls and smaller Bridal veil falls entirely situated in US region.
Niagara was formed 10000 year ago by Wisconsin glaciation. The brilliant green coloration of water of Niagara is caused by mixing up of salt and rock flavor with water at higher rate. The whirlpool that created by Niagara fall will stretches over an area of 1.2 kilometers. The depth of this section same as that of height of Niagara, that is 52 meters. The water from Niagara flows to lake Ontario in the Canadian province.
2 Victoria Waterfalls, At the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe
Victoria waterfalls is the largest waterfall in the world and it is also one of seven natural wonders of the world. It is located in Zambezi river between the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe. Victoria waterfall is one mile wide and it measures falling of water at the rate of five hundred million cubic meter per minute. The water falls to the depth of 93 meters and makes strong spraying of water. Due to this Victoria waterfalls can be spotted from 50 kilometers away from the site.
The strong spraying of water also makes 24*7 rain in nearest rain forest. Surprisingly visitors can swim at edge of Victoria falls safely and fearlessly. Because the natural rock block you from falling down and that pool is known as ‘Devil’s pool’. During full Moon Victoria falls also make one of magnificent natural phenomenon known as ‘Moonbow’, beautiful rainbow will form across the waterfalls as light refracted by water.
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1 Great Barrier Reef, Australia
Great barrier reef is the largest coral reef in the world, one of seven natural wonders of the world. It link together 900 islands and stretching over 2300 kilometers. It is large enough to seen from outer space, also became national icon of Australia. Great barrier reef contains 3000 individual reefs created by micro organisms in millions of years. It became UNESCO’s world heritage site in 1981.
Great barrier reef support wide variety of marine life. There are 1500 species of fishes, 3000 species of mollusks, 500 species of worms, 133 species of sharks and rays and 30 species of whales and dolphins lives within great barrier reef. Nowadays great barrier reef attracts 2 million visitors every year. Glass-bottomed boat tours, snorkeling and kayaking are popular tourist activities in great barrier reef.