The scope of flower export is endless. With the applications in making flower bouquets and other ornamental purposes, the demand for flower buds and cut flowers is now growing rapidly. And the global flower export markets encourage countries to improve their floriculture industries, from which they dream of creating a promising future in producing and trading flowers.
Let’s look into the world’s top 10 flower-exporting countries based on the value of their flower shipments.
Canada ranks 10th in flower exports, with an average export value of $82M for cut flowers in 2021. The primary export markets demanding cut flowers in Canada are the United States with $23.6M, Saint Pierre and Miquelon with $12.3k, and Slovenia with $512.
Over thousands of cut flowers such as snapdragons, tulips, gerberas, lilies, chrysanthemums, and some greenhouse-grown plants are shipped to the United States. It contributes an approximate export sale of $420-million annually to the floriculture industry of Canada. And most floriculture exports to the USA are controlled by Canadian Greenhouse Certification Program.
Israel holds 9th rank among global flower exporting countries, with an export value of $85.8M through its floriculture exports. The floriculture industry in Israel contributes significant revenue to their GDP annually, making it the 121st exported product in Israel.
The top three destinations with the fastest-growing export markets for cut flowers of Israel are the Netherlands which contributes $10.8M, Belgium, with $6.14M; and Russia, with $5.23M. Israel exports more than a hundred varieties of ornamental flowers and plants. Most of the cultivated flowers are wax flowers, followed by roses, cultivated on 200 hectares of land.
With an average export value of $103M in cut-flowers, Malaysia has topped the world’s 8th largest flower-exporting country. The major importers of Malaysian cut flowers between 2020 and 2021 are Australia, with an $8.24M contribution; Singapore, with $4.75M; and Vietnam, with $535k.
The cut flower export value has recorded a growth rate of 3.5% from the previous years due to the increased demand from Asia-Pacific countries such as Japan and Singapore. A wide variety of orchids comprising Aranda, Dendrobium, and Mokara cultivated in Malaysia promotes its floriculture industries.
In 2021, China recorded an average export value of $151M from cut flowers. By securing its global 7th position among the world’s flower-exporting countries, China exports most flowers to South Korea with $8.33M of its total export value, Japan with $6.29M, and Australia with $5.82M.
China’s flower trade hits a new high in average yearly exports, with an increase of 4.17% from the last year. Guangdong, Yunnan, and Fujian provinces lead China’s flower exports in volume and growth rate. Asia’s largest fresh-cut flower trading market, Kunming Dounan Flower Market, in China, provides a reliable source of income for China’s flower market operations.
Italy holds the 7th spot among the flower-exporting countries worldwide. With an average export value of $154M, Italy promotes its floriculture business to contribute to its GDP. The major destinations to which Italy’s cut flower exports hit a record high between 2020 and 2021 are the Netherlands with $17M, France with $11.2M and Germany with $9.29M.
Italy’s flower, ornamental mosses, grasses, lichens, and foliage exports reached €119M in 2021, up 20% from the previous year. These exports include fresh, dried, bleached, dyed, and impregnated varieties for decorative use, excluding popular flowers such as roses, orchids, carnations, lilies, and chrysanthemums.
In 2021 Ethiopia entered the list of the world’s 5th largest exporter of cut flowers. Ethiopia gained an export value of $235M in cut flowers by actively promoting its floriculture industries. In the same year, it acquired the 5th spot among the total exported products from Ethiopia. It indicates flower farming is one of Ethiopia’s top 5 economic activities.
Out of the 106 private flower farms operating in Ethiopia, most employees are women. Ethiopia is the 2nd largest cut flower exporter of Africa after Kenya. The fastest export markets demanding Ethiopian cut flowers between 2020 and 2021 are the Netherlands with $16.9M, Saudi Arabia with $8.37M, and Seychelles with $5.4M.
Kenya ranks fourth in global cut flower exports, earning an average of $766M. Their flowers are the country’s second most exported product. The main flower market destinations of Kenyan cut flowers are the Netherlands, with a contribution of $322M, followed by the United Kingdom, with $147M; Germany, with $38.9M; and Russia, with $33.4M.
Kenyan cut flowers are the key supplier for most European decorative purposes, including weddings, funerals, and other special occasions. Kenya’s largest foreign exchange earning is from cut flower exports to Europe, which accounts for over 70%. Equator Flowers Gardens are one of three autonomous farms managed by the Sian Roses Group, contributing significant revenue to Kenya.
Ecuador gained an export value of $937 in cut flowers in 202. And it has entitled as the world’s 3rd flower-exporting country. The cut flowers in Ecuador also managed to be the 6th most exported product in the country in the same year. The top three fastest-cut flower export markets for cut flowers in Ecuador are the United States, with a contribution of $90.5M, Belarus, with $22.5M; and Colombia, with $7.6M.
Most of the cut flower exports in Ecuador occur during the Valentine’s Day season. An increase of 5.54% in average growth rate is achieved in 2021 compared to previous years. Most flower exports from Ecuador are roses because of their lower production costs and perfect weather conditions. The floral business contributes a major revenue to Ecuador’s GDP.
Colombia holds 2nd position on the list of the world’s top 10 flower exporting countries in 2021. With an average export value of $1.73B in 2021, Colombian cut flowers are Colombia’s 6th most exported product. The fastest-growing Colombian cut flower export markets between 2020 and 2021 are the United States with $219M, the Netherlands with $20.4M, and Canada with $20.2M.
In 2021, Colombia’s cut flower export value increased by $250 million compared to the previous year. The country supplies over half of the world’s roses and also produces significant amounts of lilies, chrysanthemums, and carnations. According to a report by the ProColombia agency, a 20% growth in the export value occurred due to an increased purchase rate of Colombian cut flowers.
The Netherlands is now the world’s largest cut flower exporter, with a $5.17B export value in 2021. Cut flowers ranked as the 19th most exported product in the country. The Netherlands’ top three flower export markets between 2020 and 2021 are Germany, with an export value contribution of $359M. Followed by the United Kingdom, with $129M, and France, with $125M.
Over 1.6 million kg of fresh flowers are exported annually from Holland to 60+ countries. Tulip fields are one of the country’s notable features. More than 2 billion tulip bulbs are shipped from the Netherlands annually. Dutch cut flowers are now exported to Trade Parc Westland in Naaldwijk, in addition to Canada, the USA, the Gulf region, the Far East, and the Caribbean region.